PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. It is characterized by the presence of multiple cysts within the ovaries, irregular menstrual cycles, and high levels of androgen hormones (such as testosterone) in the body.
One of the main ways in which PCOS can affect fertility is by disrupting ovulation. Women with PCOS often have irregular or infrequent menstrual cycles, which can make it difficult to predict when ovulation will occur. This can make it more challenging to conceive, as timing intercourse around ovulation is one of the key factors in achieving pregnancy.
In addition, women with PCOS may have higher levels of insulin in their bodies, which can contribute to insulin resistance. Insulin resistance can lead to high levels of androgens in the body, which can disrupt ovulation and make it even more difficult to conceive.
However, it is important to note that not all women with PCOS will experience infertility. Many women with PCOS are able to conceive naturally, or with the help of fertility treatments.
If you have PCOS and are trying to conceive, there are several steps you can take to increase your chances of getting pregnant. These may include:
- Maintaining a healthy weight: Women with PCOS are often advised to maintain a healthy weight, as excess weight can worsen symptoms and make it more difficult to conceive. Losing weight can help improve ovulation and increase the chances of pregnancy.
- Stay on PCOS friendly diet to control insulin levels and control PCOS symptoms.
- Take supplements to manage insulin, increase chances of ovulation and help reduce other PCOS symptoms.
- Tracking ovulation: Women with PCOS may need to track ovulation more closely than women without the condition. This can involve using ovulation predictor kits, monitoring cervical mucus, or tracking basal body temperature.
- Fertility treatments: If you are having difficulty conceiving, your doctor may recommend fertility treatments such as clomiphene citrate (Clomid), which can help stimulate ovulation.
- Lifestyle changes: Making certain lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, reducing alcohol intake, and reducing stress levels can also help improve fertility.
In terms of pregnancy, women with PCOS may be at higher risk for certain complications such as gestational diabetes and high blood pressure. However, with proper prenatal care, most women with PCOS are able to have healthy pregnancies and deliver healthy babies.
While PCOS can have an impact on fertility and pregnancy, there are many options available for women who want to conceive. If you have PCOS and are trying to conceive, it is important to work closely with your OBGYN to develop a plan that is tailored to your individual needs.
For More PCOS Information, Education and Support:
Visit the main PCOS Ultra Support website page: